June 4, 2008 · Package Mgmt · Email This Post

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There are thousands of programs available to install on Ubuntu. These programs are stored in software archives (repositories) and are available for installation over the Internet. This makes it very easy to install new programs. It is also very secure, because each program you install is thoroughly tested and built specifically for Ubuntu.

The universe and multiverse repositories are official Ubuntu repositories, with safe, well-tested programs. The only difference between them and the repositories enabled by default is that the universe and multiverse repositories are maintained by the Ubuntu community rather than by paid Ubuntu developers.

There are three ways to enable the universe and multiverse repositories in Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy Heron): via the graphical Software Sources tool,via the Synaptic Package Manager or via the command line.

Using Software Sources

To enable the universe and multiverse repositories using the Software Sources tool, you need to follow this procedure

Go to System->Administration->Software Sources

Enter your root password if you are prompted.Once the program loads, check the boxes next to “Community-maintained Open Source software (universe)” and “Software restricted by copyright or legal issues (multiverse)” click on close .

A dialog will prompt you to reload the package information. Click the “reload” button.

If you do not see any errors, then you have successfully enabled the universe and multiverse repositories.

Using Synaptic Package Manager

To enable the universe and multiverse repositories using the Synaptic Package Manager, follow this procedure

Open System->Administration->Synaptic Package Manager

Enter your root password if you are prompted Once the program loads, look at the menu at the top. Click Settings->Repositories.

Check the boxes next to “Community-maintained Open Source software (universe)” and “Software restricted by copyright or legal issues (multiverse)” click on close.

A dialog will appear with The repository information has changed.You have to Click the “reload” button... and click on close.

Now you need to click on Reload from the top menu

If you do not see any errors, then you have successfully enabled the universe and multiverse repositories.

Using Command Line (Only for advanced Users)

To enable the universe and multiverse repositories using the command line, you can execute the following steps:

Open a terminal and open your sources.list file using the following command

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

Assuming you are using the default sources.list, you should be able to replace everything currently in that file with the following

## MAIN REPOSITORIES
deb http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy main restricted universe multiverse

## MAJOR BUG FIX UPDATES produced after the final release
deb http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-updates main restricted universe multiverse

## UBUNTU SECURITY UPDATES
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-security main restricted universe multiverse

If you wish to enable the backports and proposed repositories as well (recommended), then add these lines as well

## BACKPORTS REPOSITORY
deb http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-backports main restricted universe multiverse

## PROPOSED REPOSITORY
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

Now save and close the file, and then reload new source list using the following command

sudo apt-get update

If that command runs with no errors, then you have successfully enabled the universe and multiverse repositories.

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19 Comments to “How to enable the universe and multiverse repositories in Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy)”

  1. BXC says:

    I would’nt recommend to enable proposed repositories

    [Reply]

  2. Chris says:

    As a sidenote, make sure the ‘installable from CD-ROM’ box isn’t ticked…otherwise the system gives you an error as it can’t find the Live CD.

    [Reply]

  3. Regala says:

    Hello, I hope I’ll pass censorship this time :)

    M. Moderator, you seem to lack understanding of the very core of your “job”: keeping the forums READABLE, trying to avoir cluttering of the forums with everlasting stuff (such as, while being a sincere proof of righteousness from the author, the entry above).
    Repeating the very same entries just by doing sed -e ‘s/gutsy/hardy/g’ won’t deem it useful; on the contrary, it is plagiat. And keeping around 153 entries explaining the same thing is not what community had learned to do for 20 years. You do not seem to be aware of this kind of obvious things. It is a fact, Newbies can’t be of any help to anybody, and trying to let’em believe the contrary is a mistake.

    [Reply]

  4. admin says:

    @regala

    For you this is a repeated one and new users who is coming to our site for the first time this is very useful.We will provide tutorials for all levels of users

    [Reply]

  5. Frank says:

    Are there .sh scrips on “The Net” that can automatically enable repositories.
    I might be useful for me and other people who has to install and configure Ubuntu a lot. Can someone give me some information about this?

    [Reply]

  6. peffy says:

    Thank you I was trying to update my ati drivers and i was told that I needed to enable to universe and mulituniverse in order to run the appropriate commands.

    [Reply]

  7. pete says:

    Yeeha, perfect howto for linux dummies like me! Thanks!!!

    [Reply]

  8. All says:

    Thanks
    This was just what I needed

    Keep up the goodwork

    All

    [Reply]

  9. Bill says:

    I can’t find enough educational software for young children on the universe/multiverse repositories. Are they the only available repositories, or are there others available? Thanks!

    [Reply]

  10. Endolith says:

    Can’t you do all this with one click of an AptURL?

    [Reply]

  11. jack says:

    @Regala

    I’m not trying to be confrontaional, but I think your comment was very snobby, elitist and rude.

    It’s extremely useful to have tutorials as specific as possible. Without tutorials like this many beginners would never become experts. These tutorials are perfect and extremely helpful, and most of us would be lost without them

    [Reply]

  12. John says:

    thanks a lot, i been having a lot of trouble with ubuntu until I stumbled on this XD

    [Reply]

  13. Sushil says:

    “The Ubuntu Server” refers to the download on this site right??

    http://www.ubuntu.com/getubuntu/download-server

    [Reply]

  14. ragesh hajela says:

    im geting dis error while reloading. plz help me out

    W: Failed to fetch http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/karmic/Release.gpg Could not connect to archive.ubuntu.com:80 (91.189.88.45). – connect (111: Connection refused) [IP: 91.189.88.45 80]

    [Reply]

  15. ragesh hajela says:

    W: Failed to fetch http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/karmic/Release.gpg Could not connect to archive.ubuntu.com:80 (91.189.88.45). – connect (111: Connection refused) [IP: 91.189.88.45 80]

    im facing dis problem ven relaoding.
    plz help me out.

    [Reply]

  16. Kim says:

    Thank You ever so much.
    This it what solved my trouble in installing wireshark –> repository problem(s) on default install Ubuntu 8.10.

    Great !
    Luv Kim

    [Reply]

  17. Larry says:

    Dear Regala,
    I am BRAND new to linux. However, I am a user of over 35 years. I have now decided to convert an old ‘486 box from win to Ubuntu 10.10 and it is a marvelous experience. Moreover, I have found the community to be helpful to those of us who are new. When I wanted to install a new HP printer/scanner I found that there is a site associated with HP and people willing to help. This makes me hopeful for the future of linux in general.I trust that when you need help in this or other aspects of your life your pride will not stop you asking. As a teacher for many years I find that I learn as much from students as I have ever taught them.

    regards
    Larry

    [Reply]

  18. Devron says:

    ok. i to am brand new to the whole linux ubuntu thing. i installed backtrack 5 r2 i think. ubuntu release 10.04(lucid)
    kernel Linux 2.6.38
    GNOME 2.30.2 and I’ve searched for 3 days and this forum is the closest I’ve come so what i think i need. continue

    [Reply]

  19. Devron says:

    my question and problem is how do i unrestrict universe and multiverse in fore mentioned program. also will this clear up my issue of not being able to connect to the internet with a know wifi connection. like i said I’m green as grass so be simple withme

    [Reply]

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